Research universities typically have a variety of organizations, formal and informal, that are dedicated to research.
Organized Research Units (ORU). The phrase “organized research unit” (ORU) refers to a formally-organized, structured, and recognized research enterprises that typically contain the word “center,” “institute,” “laboratory,” or “clinic,” and which constitute a unique set of institutional expressions of faculty research interests and expertise.
Non-ORUs: These are typically informal or temporary organizations of limited scope, with comparatively little institutional resource support. They may be grant-funded enterprises. These organizations may be formally organized or ad hoc, and usually comprise a small collection of scholars within an ORU or a department. Historically, non-ORUs have included the terms institute, center, laboratory, clinic, group, or program in their titles. Henceforth, the use of the term "institute" in the name of a Non-ORU requires approval of the President. Governance of Non-ORUs is assigned to the respective Dean(s).